Contrary to popular opinion, a good photograph is not in the can by luck, but more to the decision-making. A lot of things that need in mind before making a photograph. For beginners, it’s hard to think so many steps. But with a continuous exercise, I am sure we will be able to do it naturally.
1. Find an interesting subject
Try to choose an interesting subject, for example on busy roads, try to take photographic portraits of people, a building, car or an activity. Be careful not to put too many elements in the photo. Too much detail will make people who see the photos become confused about what you want to say.
2. The quality and direction of light
Knowing the quality and direction of light so affect the atmosphere of the photo. In general, there are three types of light
Light is hard (hard light): Usually obtained from a relatively small light source / concentrated. For example: sunlight, camera flash, flashlight.
Light (soft light): Usually obtained from a relatively large light sources. Examples of soft boxes, reflectors, the surface of the ceiling.
The latter is the light that spread (diffused light). This model of light coming from the light source is relatively very large. For example, when the overcast sky or covered with clouds.
Direction light (front, rear, side, top, bottom) is also an important aspect to give a certain impression. Look carefully at the direction and quality of light.
The first step in creating a good composition is the start of choosing the background. The background is clean / smooth is a good first step. Then position the subject within the layers. Arrange in a way that looks interesting photo compositions.
If you are just starting photography, you can always learn the formulas the composition as a reference. Many rules of composition that can help you make an interesting composition, such as rule of thirds, golden ratio, scale and others.
4. Select the aperture
Lens aperture determines how much light coming into the camera body. Aperture also set the depth of focus (depth of field). The larger aperture lens, the thin depth of focus and vice versa. We must determine whether the photos we take has a thin depth of focus or deep.
In general, for portrait photos, we want a thin depth of focus so that it looks more artistic portraits, so that the openings that we choose should be big. But if we picture the scenery, we usually want all the elements in the images look clear and focused, then the openings that we select should be small.
5. Select the shutter speed
Then, we must determine whether we want to freeze the subject of the picture, or record the movement of the subject. If we want to freeze the subject, we must carefully set the shutter speed.
To prevent blur due to hand + camera shake us, we also have to follow rules 1 / lens focal size. Then we observe how fast the subject of the picture moving. Subjects images moving at high speed requires a very fast shutter speed.
6. Choosing a lens and lens focal optimal
Not all lenses that produce similar results. There is a wide lens, standard lens and telephoto lens. Each focal lens has its own characteristics. Wide lens gives the impression of the dimensions, distortion, and depth of focus is deep. On the other hand, telephoto lens to make photographs into two dimensional (compression effect), making the depth of focus becomes thin and bring up a subject that far.
Try a photo with a different lens and the focal lens different to the understanding of the effects caused each lens.
7. Determine the optimal exposure
The camera usually determines automatically the optimal exposure. But sometimes the camera settings made in accordance with our wishes. For example, if we want to make pictures low key (dark image) or high key (light nuanced picture), we must organize itself so that the optimal camera settings.
Set the camera exposure settings depending on who you visualize the end result with manual mode or use the exposure compensation function, when using automatic or semi-automatic settings (P, S, A)
Decide also whether the time of the shooting is important or not. For photos still life (the subject is not moving), the timing may not be too important. But for candid photos, especially sports, timing is very important. If so, practice to be able to take photos with good timing. Exercise anticipation, patience and control of the camera / photographic equipment so you can take photos with the optimal timing.90950" title="8 Step Before Shooting Photography" url="http://fineartphotographysite.com/8-step-before-shooting-photography/">